The Etruscans once lived in the Umbria and Tuscany regions, some settling as far down the boot as Capua in Campania. Archeological remains set their beginnings at 1200 B.C. Through the centuries, they co-existed with the Greek colonizers and then with the Romans, trading and warring with them. Cross-cultural integration also occurred as exemplified through the three Etruscan Kings of Rome from 600-500 B.C. and the large number of Greek vases found in Etruscan tombs.
What made the Etruscans well-known throughout the ancient world was their technological savvy in mining metals. It seems that the Etruscans traded their metals thanks to an insatiable desire for gold, which they could only acquire through contact with the outside world.
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